Algebra DSBA 2020/2021

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Версия от 00:06, 26 июня 2021; Dima Trushin (обсуждение | вклад)

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Schedule

Teachers and assistants

Группа 201 202 203 204
Lecturer Dima Trushin Telegram
Teacher Dima Trushin Andrew Mazhuga Nikita Medved Galina Kaleeva
Assistant Masha Marchenko Daniil Kopytov Ваня Пешехонов Dasha Ivanova

Consultations schedule

Teacher/Assistant Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
1
Dima Trushin zoom since 17:00
2
Andrew Mazhuga
3
Nikita Medved write me in telegram https://t.me/medvednikita

and we will schedule a meeting

4
Galina Kaleeva 16.20-17.40.

Offline: S 913

Online: Zoom

Passcode: algebra

In case I'm offline text me via telegram

5
Masha Marchenko
6
Daniil Kopytov
7
Vanya Peshekhonov zoom c 18:20
8
Dasha Ivanova

Grading system

The final grade is computed as follows

F = 0,3 * H + 0,3 T + 0,4 E

where H is the grade for the home assignments, T is the written test grade, and E is the final exam grade.

Only the final grade is rounded in the final formula according to the standard rule.

Lecture abstracts

Lecture 1 (08.04.2021). Binary operations. Associativity, neutral element, inverse element, commutativity. Definition of a group. Additive and multiplicative notations. Subgroups and cyclic subgroups. The order of an element of a group.

Lecture 2 (15.04.2021). Subgroups of the group of integers. Left and right cosets, examples. Normal subgroups. The Lagrange theorem.

Lecture 3 (22.04.2021). Five corollaries of the Lagrange theorem. Homomorphisms and Isomorphisms of groups. Image and kernel of a homomorphism. Normal subgroups. Direct product of groups. Finite Abelian Groups. The Chinese Remainder Theorem. Structure of a finite abelian group.

Lecture 4 (29.04.2021). Second version of the Chinese Remainder Theorem. Structure of Z_{p^n}^*. Cryptography. Exponentiation by squaring (fast raising to a power algorithm). The discrete logarithm problem. Diffie-Hellman key exchange.

Lecture 5 (13.05.2021). Rings, commutative rings, fields, subrings. Invertible elements, zero divisors, nilpotent and idempotent elements. Ideals. Description of ideals in Z and Z_n. Homomorphisms and isomorphisms of rings. The Chinese remainder theorem for rings. The kernel and the image of a homomorphism, their properties.

Lecture 6 (20.05.2021). Polynomials in one variable. Euclidean algorithm, greatest common divisor, ideals of F[x]. Irreducible polynomials and unique factorization of polynomials in F[x]. Ring of remainders, the Chinese Remainder Theorem for polynomials.

Lecture 7 (27.05.2021). Characteristic of a field. Field extensions, an extension by a root. Finite fields: number of elements in a finite field, multiplicative group of a finite field is cyclic, classification of finite fields (without proof). How to produce finite fields. Galois random generator. Stream cipher.

Lecture 8 (03.06.2021). Polynomials in several variables. Lexicographical orders, stabilization of strictly descending chains of monomials. An elementary reduction, a reduction with respect to a set of polynomials, remainders, Groebner basis. Stabilization of reduction.

Lecture 9 (10.06.2021). S-polynomials and the Buchberger criterion. Ideals in a polynomial ring, the Buchberger algorithm to produce a Groebner basis of an ideal. A ring of remainders. Membership problem and variable elimination.

Lecture 10 (17.06.2021). The Diamond Lemma. A proof of the Buchberger criterion.

Problem sheets

The solutions should be sent to your teaching assistant before the beginning of the next seminar.

Seminar 1 (08.04.2021). Problems

Seminar 2 (15.04.2021). Problems

Seminar 3 (22.04.2021). Problems

Seminar 4 (29.04.2021). Problems

Seminar 5 (13.05.2021). Problems

Seminar 6 (20.05.2021). Problems

Since Homework 6 is late, there is a special deadline for Group 201. The new deadline is Sunday 23:00 May 30. Deadlines for the other groups remain the same.

Seminar 7 (27.05.2021). Problems

Seminar 8 (03.06.2021). Problems Deadline for group 204: Friday, 18.06.2021, 14.40.

Seminar 9 (10.06.2021). Problems

Exam

  • The link to the rules and information regarding the exam.

Results

  • Homework
201 202 203 204
  • Summary Statement
201 202 203 204

Links

  • Two seminars 203 online: 8, 9 and corresponding whiteboards: 8, 9